What beautiful plants need little water?

Yarrow: uncomplicated perennial for dry locations

Status: May 21, 2021 12:59 p.m.

The Association of German Perennial Gardeners has chosen the yarrow as Perennial of the Year 2021. The plant tolerates heat and drought, attracts insects and can be used in a variety of ways in the garden.

As a single plant it sets accents, but also enriches entire garden areas when planted in groups: The yarrow (Achillea) is a versatile perennial, there are more than 100 species and numerous cultivars. Palm-sized pseudo-umbel flowers, which consist of a large number of small individual flowers, grow on the sturdy stems.

Flowering period from June to September

Depending on the species, yarrow grows compactly or overgrows larger areas. The height also depends on the species: it varies between 10 and 150 centimeters. The flowers glow in yellow, pink, orange or white. Multi-colored varieties are also popular. The flowering period usually begins in June and can, depending on the variety, extend into September.

Planting yarrow: where, when and how?

Yarrows prefer well drained garden soil.

Spring and autumn are ideal planting times for the yarrow. The perennials are frugal and grow well in beds with permeable and nutrient-rich soil. Lean garden soils can be improved with a little compost before planting, and heavy clay soils with sand or gravel. Before planting, water the bale thoroughly, preferably in a bucket filled with water. The planting hole must be about twice as deep and wide as the root ball. Water again vigorously after planting.

Dividing and cutting the perennial: long-lasting blooms

Yarrow are not long-lived plants and should therefore be rejuvenated every three to four years by dividing them. The best time for this is shortly before budding in spring. After dividing, they can be replanted elsewhere in the bed or pot. Many species bloom a second time if you prune them back vigorously immediately after blooming.

Common yarrow: use as a medicinal plant

The yarrow is not only beautiful to look at, it is also used as a medicinal plant. The leaves of the common yarrow (Achillea millefolium), for example, can be infused dry to make a tea that soothes the stomach. The fresh leaves are suitable as a wound herb for the initial treatment of small bleeds.

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NDR 1 Lower Saxony | Gardening tips | 05/22/2021 | 06:50 am