Dianic Wiccans are usually transphobic


Acronym for "trans-exclusive radical feminist".

TERF (/ tɜːr f /, also written terf ) is an acronym for trans-disability radical feminist . The term, first recorded in 2008, originally applied to the minority of feminists who advocated feelings that other feminists viewed as transphobic, such as rejecting the claim that trans women were women, excluding trans women from women's spaces, and rejecting the Transgender Rights Legislation. The meaning has expanded since then and relates more generally to people with trans-exclusive views who may not be concerned with radical feminism.

Those on whom with the word TERF When referenced, the term is usually dismissed or viewed as a bow. Some identify as gender critical . Critic of the word TERF say it was too widespread, offended, and used alongside violent rhetoric. There is no consensus in academic discourse on whether TERF represents an arch or not.

Coin minting and use

Radical feminist cisgender blogger Viv Smythe was credited with popularizing the term as an online acronym in 2008. It has been used to describe a minority of feminists who hold feelings that other feminists consider transphobic, including rejection of the prevailing view in feminist organizations that trans women are women, opposition to transgender rights and the exclusion of trans women in women's spaces and Organizations.

Smythe was credited with having coined the term TERF , came about through a blog post she wrote to implement Michigan Womyn Music Festival's policy of denying inclusion in trans women. She wrote that she opposed the orientation of all radical feminists to "Trans-Exclusionary Radfem (TERF) activists". In an interview with The TransAdvocate from the year In 2014 Smythe said:

It should be a deliberately technically neutral description of an activist group. We wanted to find a way to differentiate TERFs from other RadFems we worked with who were trans * positive / neutral because we have been working productively / content-wise with non-TERF RadFems for several years.

While Smythe TERF Originally used to refer to a particular breed of feminist whom she labeled as "unwilling to recognize trans women as sisters", she has found the term to have taken on additional connotations and become "temporarily armed" by both inclusion and Exclusion groups. Although controversial, the term has now become an integral part of contemporary feminist language.

The feminist theorist Sophie Lewis wrote in 2019 the New York Times that the term TERF "has become a collective term for all anti-transgender feminists, regardless of whether they are radical". Edie Miller, who in The Outline wrote , said the term has been applied to "most of the people who advocate trans-exclusive policies that follow a certain" TERF logic "regardless of their involvement in radical feminism". The term TERFy has also been used to describe things "that queer millennials think are uncool," such as: B. Pony.

Opposition to the word

Feminists as TERFs be designated, lean the term in general and sometimes refer to as gender critical . British columnist Sarah Ditum wrote in 2017 that "the bar for the term Terf is remarkably low".

Some self-described gender-critical feminists say they cannot be accurately labeled as trans-exclusive because they say they include trans men. Often times, these feminists are more trans women than women. American feminists Danelle Wylder and Corrie Westing write for Socialist Worker that this position is "divisive and contradicting" and represents "transmisogynist ideology".

In a 2015 article, American feminist Bonnie J. Morris argued that TERF Was originally a legitimate analytical term but quickly evolved into a defamatory word associated with sexist slurs. She described the word as "a symbol of the unresolved tension between the L and T factions of our LGBT community" and urged scholars and journalists to stop using it.

British journalist Catherine Bennett has described the word as a "bullying tool" that "has already successfully suppressed - and maybe even researched" the language.

British feminist writer Claire Heuchan argues that the word is often used alongside "violent rhetoric". Heuchan adds that this type of language is used to "dehumanize" "women", often lesbians. British clinical psychologist and medical sociologist David Pilgrim argues that phrases like "Kill a TERF!" or "Hit a TERF!" are also posted online by trolls and there have been other depictions of violence against women labeled as TERFs.

The United Kingdom's 2018 All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on hate crimes received several contributions highlighting high levels of tension between trans activists and feminist groups opposed to transgender rights legislation, with both sides highlighting incidents of extreme or abusive language. The report found that some women had filed reports arguing that "women who protest against the acceptance of trans women as women are being attacked both online and in the street, using the term" trans-exclusive radical feminist " or (TERF) is used as an abuse term. "

Archery debate

The people to whom the word TERF judges, often characterize it as bow or hate speech. In a call for essays on "transgender identities" in July 2018, the British magazine The Economist the authors called on "avoiding all blurring, including TERF", stating that the word is used to silence opinions and sometimes to incite violence.

Transgender rights activist and philosopher of language Professor Rachel McKinnon has cited the idea that the word an eyesore is "absurd", saying that just because a word can be used derogatory towards women doesn't mean it's an eyesore in general.

In August 2018, seven British philosophers wrote on the website Daily Nous, that two articles by Rachel McKinnon and Jason Stanley that appeared in the magazine Philosophy and Phenomenological Research have been published, normalized the term. They described the term as "a bow at worst and derogatory at best", arguing that it was used to denigrate those "who disagree with the prevailing narrative on transactional issues". In response, Ernest Sosa, the journal's editor-in-chief, stated that the scholars the journal consulted indicated that the term might at some point become a bow, but its use as a denigrating term in some contexts did not mean that it did not could be used descriptively.

In one in the philosophy journal Graz Philosophical Studies In the 2020 article published in 2020, linguists Christopher Davis and Elin McCready argue that three properties bow a term into a term: it must be derogatory to a particular group, it must be used to subordinate it to relationships within a power structure, and the deviant Group must be defined by an intrinsic property. Davis and McCready write that term TERF the first condition is met, the third condition is not met and that the second condition so far is controversial as it depends on how each group sees itself in relation to the other group.

Author Andrea Long Chu describes the claim that TERF is a bow, as "a complaint that would be despised if it were not also true, in the sense that all catchphrases for bigots should be defamatory".

Feminist philosopher Talia Mae Bettcher argues that whether or not the term is precisely classified as a bow, "at least it has become offensive to those who are referred to by the term," suggesting that it is best to use it to avoid, if you want to have him, a conversation about deep differences ".

Similar to the description of TERF as a bow, some "gender critical" persons also claim that the term cis is a bow.

The UK's 2018 All Party Hate Crime Group (APPG) found that threats of violence included the term TERF included , "would be difficult to successfully report as hate speech as it is not entirely clear whether the abuse is related to it." Lesbians ... or women "(if the former it could be a hate crime).

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