How can dogs lose their teeth?

Change of teeth in the dog

After changing their teeth, dogs have 42 teeth. Of these, there are 6 incisors each in the upper and lower jaw, 2 canines each in the upper and lower jaw, 4 front molars each in the upper and lower jaw, 2 rear molars each in the upper jaw and 3 rear molars each in the lower jaw.


The incisors (medical dentes incisivi, abbreviated I) of the upper jaw protrude slightly over the lower incisors when the jaw is closed. This is known as a scissor bite and is completely normal.

Dogs use their incisors to tear pieces of meat and to scrape meat from bones. Incisors are also very important in grooming.


The dog's canines (medical Dente canini, abbreviated C) are immediately noticeable in dogs because of their special size. The tooth is quite pointed and curves backwards in an arch. This canine tooth (also known as canine tooth) has a very powerful root that firmly anchors it in the jaw.

The canine teeth of a dog have exactly one task, to inflict a razor-sharp punctual wound on the prey.


The premolars are the front molars (abbreviated P), followed by the rear molars (abbreviated M). The back molars only show up in the permanent dog's teeth. They are absent in the dog's primary dentition. The most strongly formed molars of the upper and lower jaw are called fangs. In the upper jaw the fourth front molar tooth becomes the fang (P4), in the lower jaw it is the first rear molar tooth (M1).

The first molar tooth (P1) breaks between the 3rd and 6th. Month of life, he has no milk tooth as a predecessor.

The fangs work like scissors. They are used to cut pieces of meat from the prey. The remaining molars are mainly used to chop pieces of meat.