What does the Irish flag look like

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National flag of Ireland

The national flag of Ireland is a tricolor flag in green, white and orange. This flag has been officially in use since 1937.

The national flag of Ireland is a vertical tricolor in green, white and orange (not yellow).

History of the Irish flag

The British granted the Irish Parliament the right to represent the country in 1782. The symbol of Ireland was then the St. Patrick's Cross, a red St. Andrew's Cross on a white background (today also part of the British Union Jack). The Irish were also allowed to use this national symbol officially during British rule. Irish freedom fighters then used the Irish tricolor for the first time in the 19th century, which was based on the model of the tricolor of France. The oldest known representation of the color combination is known from 1830. The oldest known Irish tricolor itself dates from 1848. The tricolor was hardly in use until 1916, since 1880 the British had officially tolerated a green flag with a golden harp and so it mostly waved over Ireland. In the time of the Irish Free State (1922 to 1937) no official flag was set, but the tricolor managed to push the green flag with a golden harp into the background. And so with the proclamation of the Republic in 1937, the current tricolor became the national flag of Ireland.

Meaning of the colors on the Irish flag

Officially, the colors of the Irish flag have no meaning. However, there are several unofficial explanations for the color choice.
The green color stands on the one hand for the island of Ireland and on the other hand for the Catholic population of the country. Orange, on the other hand, stands for the Protestant population and the white bar between green (Catholic) and orange (Protestant) should make the peace between these two denominations clear (or act as a buffer between the two).
According to another interpretation, the green color stands for the Celtic tradition and the orange color for William of Orange. And the white between the two colored stripes for the truce between these two parties. Green is also interpreted as the color of the Irish freedom fighters.

William of Orange

William III. Von Oranien-Nassau (1650-1702) was governor of the Netherlands from 1672. In 1689 William of Orange became King of England, Scotland and Ireland in personal union. The Protestant William defeated the Catholic James II at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. The Battle of the Boyne is considered a decisive event in Irish and Northern Irish history. Even today, the victory of the Protestant Wilhelm is celebrated with parades by traditional associations in Northern Ireland. This regularly leads to riots between Protestant and Catholic groups.

Similar flags

The flag of India is very similar to the Irish national flag. However, it is a horizontal tricolor with the colors saffron yellow, white and Indian green (national flag of India).
And also the Ivory Coast has a flag similar to Ireland, also vertical stripes, but instead of green-white-orange in orange-white-green (Ivory Coast flag).

Cocktail Irish flag

There is a cocktail called Irish Flag. It consists in equal parts of peppermint liqueur (green), Irish cream (white) and Grand Marnier (orange). The ingredients for the cocktail are slowly poured into the glass one after the other along a long spoon so that they do not mix and so the colors of the flag in the glass arise.

Flags - Flags and coats of arms from around the world - National flag of Ireland