Is bamboo classified as wood

Bamboo wood: origin, properties, care & costs

Whether it's the decking in the garden or the parquet floor in the house: bamboo offers you a wide range of options in how you can use the raw material. The tall wood is not only unique because of its green color on the outside. It is one of the few types of wood that is light and at the same time very robust.

Everything at a glance:

  • Bamboo originally comes from China and is still traditionally processed into everyday objects there.
  • The material is very light and flexible. But it remains stable and resilient.
  • Bamboo grows quickly and is good at repelling pests.
  • The bamboo wood should be protected from constant moisture and oiled once a month with an appropriate oil to prevent cracks.

Definition and origin

Bamboo wood is not only found in Asian regions. The plant is also widespread on other continents.

What is bamboo

Bamboo (Bambusoideae) is an evergreen plant, which can be found in a total of 47 different species and for Genus of the sweet grasses counts. The different species are also different in height. The grasses can grow from 30 centimeters to over 10 meters in height. Although bamboo grass is not a tree, its composition clearly classifies itself as wood.

The wood can be extracted from the hollow stalks using complex processes. Here a distinction is made between fiber-pressed and strongly glued bamboo wood.

Where does bamboo wood come from?

Originally the wood comes from China and Japan. However, it is also widespread in South America, Africa and parts of Australia. The largest proportion of bamboo species can still be found in China. About 500 different species are found there.


Bamboo is a light material and yet very stable. It is also climate-friendly and sustainable. We explain the most important properties to you.

What are the properties of bamboo wood?

Color and structure:

Bamboo is characterized by a bright color out. Due to the similar color tone, bamboo wood can be exchanged for birch wood. In the grain of the wood you can see the dark vascular bundles recognize well.

Natural durability according to DIN EN 350-2:

DIN EN 350-2 classifies a large number of types of wood based on their ability to repel pests independently. The classes range from DK 1 (very permanent) to DK 5 (not permanent).

The Bamboo wood falls under the DK 1. It has a very high hardness, is dimensionally stable and is a rapidly renewable raw material. But requires regular maintenance.

Technical specifications:

  • Gross density: approx. 700 kg / m²
  • Density of fiber bamboo: approx. 1.15 g / cm³
  • Compressive strength: 71 N / mm²
  • Flexural strength: 151 N / mm²
  • Tensile strength: 120 N / mm²
  • Thermal conductivity: 0.17 W / (m K)
  • PH value: 6

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this wood?


  • Inexpensive material
  • Climate neutral and sustainable
  • Resilient
  • Extremely fast growth in a short time (rapid waxer)
  • high elasticity
  • The plant is well suited for the garden
  • Low warpage
  • Easy processing
  • Durable (even with heavy use)
  • Strong material density
  • Needs little maintenance


  • Susceptible to mold if poorly cared for
  • Must not be exposed to permanent moisture
  • Bamboo takes color very poorly
When combining underfloor heating and bamboo floors, you should strictly adhere to the manufacturer's instructions. Because the wrong material can dry out very quickly and develop cracks.


The flexible wood is used in a wide variety of designs. The even edible material can be used indoors and outdoors.

What can bamboo be used for?

  • Utensils: Traditionally, bamboo wood was used for the manufacture of household and work items in China. The plant is ideal both as a writing material and for furniture. This wood is still used today for everyday objects, for example as a handle for an umbrella, for woven baskets or as a bicycle stand.
  • Musical instruments: In Asia, bamboo wood is used for musical instruments. A variety of traditional drums and rattles consist of the robust plant. The wood is even used in Indonesian churches. Often individual organ pipes are also made of bamboo.
  • Garden design: The plant is a beautiful eye-catcher both indoors and outdoors. The stalks grow well in sunny places. They also keep their green color even during the cold season. The hard-wearing surface is also very decorative.
  • Building material: Bamboo wood is often used as plywood for the paneling of trucks. It is also integrated into constructions that contribute to earthquake safety. The low weight and tensile strength are the optimal mechanical properties for these purposes. The plant can also be combined well as a material. For example, bamboo fibers are often found in concrete because they have a stiffening effect. That is why the fibers are mixed with plastics and processed as a composite material.
  • Food: The best known processing as food is bamboo shoots. But before the plant is ready for consumption, it must be boiled and cleaned. This kills toxins.

How is bamboo wood processed?

The processing is quite simple. The sustainable material can be similar to conventional lumber to edit. So it is easy to plan, saw and sand. use strong toolsto prevent fraying.

If you are going to use the bamboo wood outside in your garden, it is advisable to use the material oil several times. This makes it weatherproof. Also avoid constant contact with the ground outdoors.

How can you take care of the bamboo wood?

When it comes to simply getting rid of dirt on the surface so you can do it easily with one wet sponge or one damp cloth wipe off. However, it should not be exposed to permanent moisture.

To ensure that the bamboo wood lasts for a long time, there is a occasional oiling advisable. You can find special bamboo oil in every hardware store. You should put your bamboo items around once a month oil so that the material does not crack. So the surface remains stable for a long time.


As an inexpensive alternative to traditional hardwood, bamboo is a good choice. Whether already oiled or not yet processed - you can find the raw material in different versions.

What does bamboo wood cost?

Since Bambusoideae grow extremely tall in a short time, bamboo wood is accordingly inexpensive. You can already get bamboo decking from 50 euros per square meter. The price classes differ based on the production and the after-treatment. Boards that have already been oiled are therefore usually a little more expensive than unfinished boards.

In addition to purchasing the wood, you should definitely get the right oil for it. It is important to sign up for one special bamboo oil to decide. The oil prevents the formation of unsightly cracks and contributes to maintenance. Such oils start at just under 10 euros for 750 milliliters at.

If you are up for Furniture As with other types of wood, there are big differences in processing and pricing. For example, you can get a bed frame from 500 euros. Small shelves and cabinets are available for between 40 and 100 euros. Garden furniture sets are available from a few hundred euros, depending on the version.

Bamboo shoots can be found in almost every supermarket. The healthy Asian specialty is priced at around 2 euros for 300 grams.