Was Lundendorff a Nazi

Erich Ludendorff 1865-1937

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    • Erich Ludendorff, around 1924


  • April 9th: Erich Ludendorff is born in Kruszewnia (Province of Posen, today Poland) as the son of the manor owner Wilhelm Ludendorff.

  • Training in the Plön Cadet Corps and at the main cadet school in Groß-Lichterfelde near Berlin.

  • Ludendorff went through the usual career of a general staff officer.

  • Marriage to Margarete Schmidt, the daughter of a factory owner.

  • Transfer to Düsseldorf as regimental commander.

  • Promotion to brigade commander in Strasbourg.
    August 6: Six days after the start of the First World War and three days after the German troops marched into Belgium, Ludendorff and a brigade occupied the citadel in Liège. For this he was awarded the Pour le Mérite War Order.
    September: Ludendorff is appointed Chief of the General Staff of the 8th Army. His superior is General Paul von Hindenburg.
    26.-30. August: Battle of Tannenberg, in which the 2nd Russian Army is defeated.
    6-15 September: The Battle of the Masurian Lakes ends with the victory over the 1st Russian Army.
    November 1: Hindenburg and Ludendorff receive supreme command of all German troops on the Eastern Front (Ober-Ost). The eastern headquarters became the point of contact for all critics of the Reich and Army command from the pan-German annexionist camp.

  • August 29: After Erich von Falkenhayn's dismissal, Hindenburg takes over the Supreme Army Command (OHL) with Ludendorff as First Quartermaster General. With this title - established for him - Ludendorff can secure "full joint responsibility" for all decisions.
    Its aim is "absolute warfare". He calls for economic mobilization and unrestricted submarine warfare.

  • July 13: Ludendorff played a key role in the overthrow of Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg.

  • In the peace negotiations in Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk, Ludendorff urged an extensive eastward expansion.

  • September 29: After the failure of the spring offensive, the OHL calls for immediate ceasefire negotiations and a parliamentary government. This admits the military defeat that Ludendorff seeks to blame above all on the politicians of the majority parties. He thus contributed significantly to the creation of the "stab in the back legend".
    October 24: The OHL is of the opinion that the Allies are not granting an "honorable peace" and demands that the soldiers "continue the resistance with the utmost strength".
    October 26th: Ludendorff is dismissed from service.
    Two weeks later he flees from revolutionary Berlin to Sweden. During his stay there, he wrote his autobiographical book "My War Memories". He intensified his accusations against the political leadership of the Reich.

  • Return to Berlin. Connections to the "National Association", of which Wolfgang Kapp also belongs.
    November 18: Ludendorff attacks the Weimar Republic during his joint appearance with Hindenburg before the parliamentary committee of inquiry of the National Assembly.

  • Political cooperation with Adolf Hitler.

  • He wrote the military theoretical text "Warfare and Politics", in which he defended the thesis of war as a law of nature.

  • November 9: The attempted coup in Munich, carried out jointly with Hitler, is suppressed by government troops with armed force. Ludendorff was to lead the planned "March on Berlin" as a general.

  • February: Ludendorff is indicted and acquitted in the high treason trial for the Hitler putsch.

  • As a member of the National Socialist Freedom Party, he is a member of the Reichstag.

  • March 29: Candidacy for the presidential election, in which Ludendorff received 1.1 percent of the vote in the first ballot and did not run for the second.
    Foundation of the "Tannenbergbund" with the aim of German military detention.
    Divorce from his wife Margarete.

  • Marriage with Mathilde Spieß in Tutzing (Upper Bavaria). Together with his wife, Ludendorff developed a lively lecture activity.

  • Break with the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP).

  • March: Foundation of the religious association "Deutschvolk".

  • September 22nd: "Tannenbergbund" and "Deutschvolk" are banned.

  • March: Ludendorff receives Hitler's promise to re-admit his religious association, which is now called "Bund für Deutsche Gottterwissennis".
    December 20: Erich Ludendorff dies in Tutzing.

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