What are some interesting facts about Homer

30 interesting and amazing facts about the Greek poet Homer

Homer is the name the ancient Greeks ascribed to the legendary author of Illiad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that represent the central works of ancient Greek literature. The Illiad is discontinued during the Trojan War, then a ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. The Odyssey focuses on the homeward journey of Odysseus, King of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy. Below are 30 more interesting and amazing facts about Homer.

1. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity. Most widely known was that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region in the central coastal Anatolia of what is now Turkey.

2. The Homeric question of who, when, where and under what circumstances Illiad and Odyssey were formed continues to be discussed.

3. From ancient times to the present day, the Homeric epics have had a great impact on Western civilization, inspiring many of their most famous works of literature, music, art, and film.

4. The Homeric epics had the greatest influence on the culture and education of the ancient Greeks. For Plato, Homer was simply the one who "taught Greece".

5. He was the son of Telemachus and Epicaste and is believed to have been a storyteller and court singer.

6. Although there have been various accounts of the time Homer lived, he is recognized as the first and greatest epic writer and author of the first known literature in Europe.

7. It is believed that Homer lived in Iona based on his dialect, but others suggest that he lived on the island of Chios.

8. It is believed that Homer was blind, but there is no evidence or evidence.

9. Homer's Odyssey is said to have inspired many other critically acclaimed works of literature, including Inferno by Dante Alighieri, Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, and Ulysses by James Joyce.

10. In Plato's Republic, Homer is portrayed as the leader of Greek culture.

11. In Aristotle's 'work Poetics' he describes Homer as unique compared to the poets of his time by focusing on a single subject.

12. About 50% of all of Homer's work was in the form of speeches.

13. Homer is credited with the Homeric hymns. These poems range from a few lines to hundreds and consist of the same dialect as Illiad and Odyssey. His other notable work includes Epic Cycle, a book of poetry about the Trojan War.

14. Scientific studies of Homer and his work as one of the oldest, dating back hundreds of centuries.

fifteen. In Homer's day, his poetry would have been spoken aloud instead of written down. Only later would they have been written down. It is believed that Homer's poems were recorded shortly after the alphabet was invented.

16. There is a Homer statute in Munich outside the Bavarian State Library.

17. In the British Museum there is a marble relief created by Archelaus of Priene, believed to date from the third century BC. BC and is referred to as the apotheosis of Homer. It was found in Italy but is said to have been carved in Egypt.

18. Homer is believed to have died on the island of Ios, but the year is unknown, as is his exact date of birth.

19. The name Homer sounds like Greek words meaning "hostage" or "blind", which may have influenced the characterization of Homer as a former slave turned blind bard.

20. In the Hellenistic period of Greece, some cities had shrines dedicated to Homer.

21. In his introduction to Robert Fagles' translation of The Illiad, Bernard Knox suggests that Homer most likely existed and that The Illiad, at least prior to its performance, was entirely written by an author.

22. Byzantine scholars such as Eustathius of Thessalonica and John Tzetzes brought commentaries, extensions and Scholia for Homer, especially in the 12th century.

23. The Homeric epics are written in an artificial literary language or artificial language that is only used in epic hexameter poetry.

24. Homeric Greek has features of several regional Greek dialects and epochs, but is essentially based on Ionic Greek, in keeping with the tradition that Homer was from Ionia.

25. The first printed edition of Homer was produced in Milan in 1488.

26. In ancient times, it was widely believed that the Homeric poems were collected and organized by the tyrant Pesistratos in Athens, in the famous Pesistratean evaluation.

27. After the establishment of the library of Alexandria, Homeric scholars such as Zenodotus of Ephesus, Aristophanes of Byzantium and especially Aristarchus of Samothrace helped to create a canonical text.

28. The orally transmitted Homeric poems were in some places between the 8th and 6th centuries BC. Brought into writing. Some scholars believe that they were dictated by the poet.

29. Both Homeric poems begin with an appeal to the muse. In the Illiad the poet calls on her to sing about "the anger of Achilles", and in the Odyssey he asks her to sing about "the man of the many ways".

30. Most of Homer's works are believed to have been passed down orally to the next generation.