How powerful is a German Shepherd Dog

The German Shepherd

German shepherd panting

The German sheepdog is a muscular breed of dog that is balanced, confident, and eager to learn. The protective behavior is very pronounced. The dog needs consistent training and needs a lot of exercise and attention. The fur is black with reddish brown, yellow or light gray markings. The black nose and standing ears are also typical. People can protect themselves from excessive warming of the body by sweating. In contrast, the German Shepherd has only a few sweat glands. Instead, he leaves his tongue hanging out of the mouth. At the Panting moisture evaporates from the saliva. In this way he keeps the body temperature constant at 37 to 38 ° C. The fur with undercoat and top coat protects it from hypothermia in winter.

German shepherd sniffing and searching

The Sense of smell is excellently trained. The olfactory mucous membrane in the nose is 20 times larger than that of humans. The shepherd dog has 230 million olfactory cells, humans only about 30 million. This enables the dog to follow traces of wildlife or people, track down avalanche victims buried under a meter-thick blanket of snow, or sniff out drugs and explosives, even if they are welded into a tin can. If the German Shepherd gets to know someone, the stranger is sniffed first, in dogs usually the anal area. Conspicuous places outdoors are marked with a urine stream, which means social contact with other dogs, even if it is only used to mark the territory.

Attentive and friendly face

The sense of smell and that which is also excellent Hearing enable orientation in the environment. The German Shepherd is an excellent guard or herding dog. The police like to use him as a service dog. The German Shepherd's eyesight is not as good as that of humans. The dog reacts primarily to movement and less to colors. Therefore, he is dependent on clear hand signals or vocalizations.

Shepherd's head skeleton

Like all dogs, the German Shepherd has a Predator teeth. The long canines serve asFangs for grabbing and killing the prey. The molars are closed Fangs which with their sharp edges act like scissors and allow meat to be torn off or bones to be gnawed. All dogs have 28 teeth in milk teeth and 42 teeth in adult teeth.

Shepherd's teeth

Like all vertebrates, the German Shepherd has one Spine and a bony one skull. The cervical spine is slender and flexible, which enables rapid head rotations. In the middle part of the spine of the four-legged friend are the vertebrae with the Ribs connected. This protects the internal organs. In contrast to the human skeleton, the dog's skeleton does not have a collarbone. This enables rapid locomotion with the help of the front legs. The skeleton of the legs is high and strong. When running, the dog kicks as Toe walker only with the four toes on. These are blunt with Claws occupied. The balls of the toes are covered by a thick Cornea protected.

Shepherd's foot skeleton

Dogs are like catsToe walker. The dog's claws are visible in the step seal. In addition to the claw prints and the ball of the sole, you can see the prints of the four toes. The front paw has five toes, the first is not visible in the step seal. Depending on the breed, the hind paw has four or, more rarely, five toes. The track is similar to the fox, but the step seal on the German Shepherd is much wider.

The spine continues in the tail, which is also called rod referred to as. It is an important means of communication for the dog and is used to show feelings. A straightened tail shows self-confidence, while a pinched tail shows fear and insecurity. A wagging tail marks the friendly, curious dog.

Whole German Shepherd skeleton

The German Shepherd communicates not only with the tail, but also with his facial expression, his whole body and with utterances. If the ears are up, the dog is paying attention, if they are turned to the side or even put back, an attack can be expected. If the facial expression is relaxed, then the dog is in a friendly mood. An even one bark means greeting, interferes growl underneath, then it is to be understood as a warning. Howl can mean sadness or the perception of a bitch in heat. Sometimes the German Shepherd growls even in his sleep, which indicates that he is dreaming. Great affection is shown by jumping, licking, nudging, or placing the paw on the knee.

Owning a dog takes some thought. A German Shepherd needs a lot of exercise and activity. He must not be alone for more than four to five hours a day and must be performed at least three times a day for half an hour. The way the young man treats is also very important Puppies with man. In the Imprinting phase the young dog learns to deal with humans. He gets to know children and ideally experiences that people are friendly and trusting. In this phase the puppy still lives with its mother and siblings. When buying a German Shepherd, the right breeder is also important.
From the 13th week, the dog, which is descended from the wolf, has the Order of precedence set. The dog owner must use exercises to make it clear to the dog who the "master of the house" is. After six months, the dog's bond with his new house and owner becomes stronger. At the same time, however, it also challenges the owner's authority. The dog has to learn to sit still at the command of the master or to run quietly next to him without attacking strangers or dogs. He should know and obey commands such as "Come!", "Sit!", "At your feet!" or "Ugh!". If the dog does what it is supposed to do, the owner praises it. If the opposite is the case, he will be punished. This does not mean blows - they would spoil the dog - but clear signals such as the game being stopped, the leash being hit on the floor or, in extreme cases, brief shaking of the neck fur. The leash is initially used as a dressage instrument. in the "Stick game" The dog learns to "retrieve", thereby bringing the supposed prey back to the master.

Graphic: panting German Shepherd

A dog also needs adequate nutrition and care. However, it should not be overfed. His fur needs to be brushed and washed regularly. Regular visits to the vet are essential. If you follow these rules, you will have a loyal companion by your side.