What are the symptoms of Ebola
The cause of Ebola is the Ebola virus. The transmission occurs most often when a person has had direct contact with someone infected with Ebola or someone who has died from it. So the virus is transmitted from Person to person. Infection with the Ebola virus occurs through contact with Body fluids such as blood, saliva, sweat, urine, stool, or vomit. These excretions from Ebola patients are highly infectious. Researchers have not yet observed a transmission of the Ebola virus via the air (droplet infection).
Ebola: transmission through animals and contaminated objects
Also the Contact with animals appears to play a role in the transmission of Ebola. Researchers assume that wild animals such as bats or flying foxes harbor the pathogens, i.e. are the natural reservoir for the Ebola virus. But great apes are also a possible source of infection. The infection with Ebola occurs through contact with the blood and other body fluids of infected animals (live or dead). The preparation and consumption of raw meat from these wild animals is also a possible route of infection.
In principle, Ebola infection is also possible via Objects, with Body fluids are contaminated. Examples are syringes, clothing or bed linen. Outside the body, the Ebola pathogen can survive in the environment for a few days - it therefore remains infectious.
Ebola: incubation period varies considerably
The incubation period Ebola varies greatly from person to person: Sometimes the time between infection with the virus and the outbreak of the disease just lapse two days. With other people, it takes time three weeksuntil the pathogen triggers the first symptoms in them. On average, however, the incubation period for Ebola is eight to nine days.
When is Ebola contagious and for how long?
Anyone who is infected with the Ebola virus is only contagious when they show the first symptoms. The more pronounced the symptoms are and the more severe the disease, the greater the risk of infection for others. Doctors, carers and undertakers in particular have to protect themselves adequately through certain measures and pay close attention to hygiene. This also applies to laboratories that carry out tests for Ebola.
Ebola patients are no longer considered contagious days after the symptoms have subsided. However, the transmission of Ebola through sperm during sex is still possible several months later.
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