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Use of time and division of labor in couple households

Time use and the household division of labor
[Journal article]

Abstract

'Housework in industrialized countries is unevenly distributed at the expense of women. Economic theories attribute the gender-specific division of labor to different human capital endowments or income resources. Sociological theories, on the other hand, emphasize the influence of social ... more

'Housework in industrialized countries is unevenly distributed at the expense of women. Economic theories attribute the gender-specific division of labor to different human capital endowments or income resources. Sociological theories, on the other hand, emphasize the influence of social norms and institutional framework conditions. The empirical examination of the household production, household bargaining and gender display approaches based on data from the 2001/2002 time budget survey shows that economic determinants such as financial dependency on the partner have a decisive influence on the division of labor within the family . How they work and gender-specific housework times can only be adequately recorded if gender norms and institutional regulations are taken into account. With increasing financial independence from men, women can only reduce their housework hours if they do not violate the gender norm of 'male breadwinners'. Men, on the other hand, only increase their housework hours noticeably when they are financially dependent on their partner. ' (Author's presentation) ... less


'Household tasks are still unequally distributed in industrialized countries whereby most of the work is frontloaded to women. The aim of the article is to explain the unequal distribution using microeconomic models and referring to social norms and institutions. The household-production approach, t ... more

'Household tasks are still unequally distributed in industrialized countries whereby most of the work is frontloaded to women. The aim of the article is to explain the unequal distribution using microeconomic models and referring to social norms and institutions. The household-production approach, the household-bargaining approach and the gender-display approach are empirically tested in random-effects regressions using the data of the German Time Budget Survey 2001/2002. Economic determinants are major predictors of the household division of labor. However, their influence is inextricably bound to social norms and institutions. Women for instance refer to gender norms and the household composition in their allocation of time, whereas men's behavior is more dependent on the allocation of financial resources between the partners. ' (author's abstract) ... less

Thesaurus keywords
Federal Republic of Germany; Use of time; Division of labor; Understanding of roles; Mrs; House work; Time budget; Nursing case; Spouse; Partnership; Wage; Working hours; Man; Income; Justice; Time expenditure; Inequality; Comparison; Private household

classification
Family sociology, sexual sociology
Women and gender studies
Economic sociology

method
Theory application; empirically; empirical-quantitative

Language document
German

Year of publication
2007

Page reference
Pp. 159-185

Magazine title
Journal of Family Research, 19 (2007) 2

ISSN
1437-2940

status
Release version; appraised (peer reviewed)

License
Creative Commons Attribution, Share Alike 4.0