What are the most dangerous insects

An insect venom allergy can be life-threatening for those affected. Bees and wasps in particular are a danger in the summer months. Allergic reactions can also be triggered by bumblebees, hornets and mosquitoes. The following overview shows the characteristics and peculiarities of individual insects.

Which insects are dangerous with insect venom allergy?

An insect venom allergy usually occurs in the form of a bee or wasp venom allergy. Since these animals are widespread in the summer months, allergy sufferers should be extremely careful during this time. Allergic reactions from hornet or bumblebee stings are rarer than after a bee or wasp sting. These insects are peace-loving and only sting when in danger.

Another form of insect venom allergy is mosquito bite allergy. Allergic reactions to mosquito bites are becoming more and more common. The symptoms are severe in some cases, but not life-threatening as in a wasp or bee sting allergy.

The allergy test often shows reactions to bee and wasp venom. This is because some of the toxins in both insects contain the same allergens. Here it must be examined more closely which insect venom therapy is required. There are also cross-reactions between bee venom and bumblebee venom and between hornet venom and wasp venom.

The wasp venom allergy is the most common form of insect venom allergy, accounting for around two thirds of all cases. This is not only due to the large numbers, but wasps are also more aggressive than bees, bumblebees and hornets.

Wasps form states in summer and often appear in large numbers until autumn before they finally die. Only the queen winters and founds a new state in the spring. In addition to insects, the natural diet also includes sugary foods such as ripe fruit. For this reason, wasps are attracted to sugary foods, drinks, and even meat products.

Wasps are only slightly hairy and, unlike bees, do not have a proboscis. Characteristic are the pronounced wasp waist and the strong, yellow-black stripes. A wasp sting can usually be recognized by the fact that no sting remains at the point of sting after the sting. In contrast to the bee, the wasp pulls the stinger back. This is a very important indicator for identifying a wasp venom allergy.

After wasp sting allergy, bee allergy is the second most common form of insect venom allergy. Less than a fifth of all allergies are caused by bee stings, which is also due to the fact that bees are more peaceful than wasps.

Bee colonies overwinter and can occur all year round, depending on the weather. In general, bees fly out mainly from spring to autumn, but can also occasionally be found on warm winter days. Mainly nectar and pollen serve as food.

In contrast to the wasp, bees do not normally look for food in close proximity to humans. Bee stings usually occur when bees are disturbed in their natural habitat - for example when walking barefoot in meadows.

Bees are roughly the same size as wasps, but they are more hairy and have a proboscis. The abdomen is brownish, the stripes less clear than that of the wasp.

Allergy sufferers develop similar reactions after a bee or wasp sting, but a bee venom allergy can usually be recognized by the sting that has remained. The bee dies after the sting of the loss of its sting.

Bumblebees are peace-loving animals that rarely sting. Stings mainly occur in people who have close contact with bumblebees for professional reasons, for example breeders or workers on orchards.

Bumblebees appear before other insects in spring because they can cope well with cool temperatures. Most animals die in autumn, only the queens overwinter and establish new colonies in spring.

Bumblebees feed on pollen and nectar like bees, which is why they are mainly found in gardens, meadows and at the edge of the forest. The risk of stings is greatest when walking barefoot.

Compared to bees and wasps, bumblebees are slightly larger. They are densely hairy with brown-white or black-white stripes. Bumblebees, like bees, have a trunk.

Bumblebee stings are less painful than bee or wasp stings, but no less dangerous for allergy sufferers, as the poison composition is similar to bee venom. Bumblebees usually clearly indicate the threat of stabbing by lifting their middle leg or stretching their abdomen towards the attacker. With these signs, extreme caution is required, especially for allergy sufferers.

Contrary to popular belief, hornet stings are more painful, but not more dangerous than wasp stings. Since hornets are peaceful animals, the risk of being stung is also rather low.

Hornets appear from spring to autumn, after which all animals die apart from a few queens. These establish new colonies after hibernation. Hornets feed on insects and are therefore rarely found in close proximity to humans. However, they prefer to build their nests in hollows, including roof beams and incubators.

Hornets are significantly larger than bees and wasps with conspicuous yellow-black stripes. Allergy sufferers who develop reactions to a wasp sting should be careful because of similar allergens in hornet poison.

Mosquito bites are uncomfortable, but not life-threatening for allergy sufferers. An allergy usually manifests itself as severe redness, swelling and wheals on the skin. Circulatory problems, diarrhea or vomiting can also occur in severe cases.

Unlike bees and wasps, mosquitoes not only bite for defense, they also need human blood to feed their eggs. Mosquitoes do not have a poison sting, which makes the bite less painful in comparison. They suck the blood through a proboscis and bring saliva into the wound. A mosquito bite allergy is a defense reaction to this saliva.

Mosquitoes occur mainly in damp areas and near water, as water serves as a breeding area for them. The blood-sucking females can be found all year round.

The horsefly is a type of fly and can be recognized by its fly-like appearance. It is difficult to drive away and causes very painful stitches. This is because, unlike mosquitoes, horseflies do not soak up blood through a proboscis, but rather bite real holes in the skin.

Allergic reactions are caused by the injected saliva. This can cause shock, shortness of breath and swelling in allergy sufferers and should be treated immediately. Horsefly bites also cause significant wheals, pain and severe itching in non-allergy sufferers.

Horseflies are most common near water and pastures in spring and summer. The animals often become a problem at bathing lakes.

Insect venom allergy: recognize dangers, prevent effectively

Not every insect is dangerous for allergy sufferers. If you can distinguish between the individual species, you can prevent stings and act correctly in an emergency. But it is also important to know the habitats and avoid them.