How big was Ar Pharazon's army



25th and last king of Númenor


unknown; from 3319 Z.Z. trapped in Aman


from 3255 D.Z. up to 3319 D.Z.

Ar-Pharazôn, Adûnaïsch: the golden one (3118–3319 Second Age), in QuenyaTar-Calion, Son of light was the 25th and last king of Númenor.


Ar-Pharazôn was born the son of Gimilkhâd, the leader of the royal soldiers, and grew up to be a great soldier with strong training.

Ar-Pharazôn was even more restless, even more greedy for power and goods than his father, and far surpassed him in this. He had fought in many distant lands, as a captain in the wars with which the Númenórians then crossed the coastal lands of Middle-earth in order to extend their rule over the people; and he was held in high esteem as a military leader on water and on land. When he returned to Númenor after the death of his father, the hearts of the people flew to him, for he brought great wealth with him, which he gave generously for the time being.

And so it so happened that the reigning King Tar-Palantir, Ar-Pharazôn's brother, grew weary of worry and died.

Since Tar-Palantir had no son, but only a daughter called Míriel in the Elven language, Ar-Pharazôn longed for the throne and saw his chance come. Against her will, he married Míriel to thereby, although the scepter would have allowed his wife to ascend the throne. His perfidious plan succeeded. In addition to this injustice, there was a second injustice, because the laws of Númenor forbade marriage to those who were closer blood relatives than second cousins, and this also applied to the royal family. After the wedding and after he had usurped the throne and scepter, he gave Míriel the name Ar-Zimraphel.

The King and Sauron

When Sauron began to extend his power from Mordor and forced parts of Middle-earth under his rule, Ar-Pharazôn felt threatened by Sauron and wanted to get this rival out of the way. He attacked Mordor and was able to capture Sauron and bring him as a prisoner to Númenor.

The capture of Sauron resulted not only from the power of the king, but rather from the cunning and deceit of Sauron. His followers had left him when King Ar-Pharazôn entered Umbar, for the king's armada was great and splendid and by its splendor spread power, fear and terror. So Sauron devised a ruse and submitted to the king. But of course Sauron was a "divine" person and therefore much too powerful to be brought under control in this way. Sauron gradually brought in the spirit of Ar-Pharazôn his Control.

Ar-Pharazon quickly succumbed to the whispers of the Maia, who then had an easy game with the discontented Númenórians, exploiting their and especially Ar-Pharazon’s fear of death and his desire for immortality and inciting them against the Valar. Having succumbed to Sauron's whispers and convinced of his own power and greatness, Ar-Pharazôn soon set up a large fleet and finally broke in 3319 Z.Z. set off with this vast fleet in the direction of Aman to enter and subdue the Immortal Lands. And this despite the fact that emissaries from the Valar had clearly communicated to King Ar-Pharazôn that the kingdom of blessing does not confer immortality and that that land is blessed because the blessed live there and not vice versa. The Valar would be immortal by law and nature, while humans are mortal by law and nature. But infatuated by Sauron, Ar-Pharazôn dismissed this as a diplomatic argument that was only intended to keep the power of the King of Kings at bay.

The journey lasted 39 days, led by the king on his ship Alcarondas (the largest ship to ever sail the seas).

Ar-Pharazôns and Númenor's downfall

When Manwë saw what was happening, he temporarily resigned his office as king of the world and Ilúvatar began to change and rebuild the entire world (change of the world). It was the only time that Ilúvatar intervened in world affairs, held a criminal judgment and asked the Valar to do what was to be done.
Ilúvatar raptured Aman and the island of Tol Eressëa, the Immortal Lands, from the county of Eas. From now on the Immortal Lands could only be reached by the Elves and only in a straight line. The island of Númenor sank in the sea of ​​Belegaer after a rift opened. The mastermind, Sauron, also sank in the floods. His body was destroyed, but his spirit later rose from the floods and returned to Middle-earth.
A great storm destroyed the Ar-Pharazôn fleet and all those who had already landed in Aman were buried under masses of stones, because the land of the Valar was hit by great tremors. Ar-Pharazôn and his men did not die, however, but were instead until the Dagor Dagorath (also Battle of battles called) locked in the caves of the forgotten and had to wait there for the end of the world.

Few of the residents of Númenor, including those who were loyal to Elendil, survived this catastrophe.


The sinking of the royal fleet and the sinking of Númenor have parallels to the story of the Flood in Genesis chapter 7 of the Hebrew Bible (OT). Just as in the Flood story, a few chosen people and animals (a couple of each species) survive the catastrophe, when Númenor sinks (sinks into the sea), chosen people can also save themselves: the faithful survive in nine boats. Tolkien has a similar point of view. Another parallel in relation to the fall of Ar-Pharazôn's empire is probably one of Númenor's High Elvish names: Atalante. Like the Atlantis of the Hellenic Plato, Númenor is also a long-lost island west of the ancient world, on which there was a high culture. In some of his works, Tolkien himself makes several (probably joking) hints from which it can be inferred that the history of Middle-earth actually happened (think of the story of Eriol, or the hints in the prologue about hobbits that there are still hobbits in the Northwest of the old world).


J. R. R. Tolkien: The Silmarillion, translator: Wolfgang Krege

J. R. R. Tolkien: News from Middle-earth, The Second Age, Chapters I + III