Why is a brand called IPR

International private law (IPR)

International private law (IPR) is the entirety of the legal provisions that determine in a situation with relations to foreign legal systems which private law is to be applied by domestic courts or authorities, unless intergovernmental agreements or contracts take precedence.

International private law does not regulate private matters with international relevance directly, but rather by referring to one of the legal systems involved.

As a rule, it does not contain any factual norms, but conflict of laws rules (conflict of laws) which either define the scope of application of a single legal system (delimitation or unilateral conflict of laws) or according to which one or the other foreign legal norms apply just like the domestic ones (universal conflict of laws).

International private law is not necessarily international (e.g. international law), as the designation "IPR" suggests, but part of the legal system of the respective state, but it is all law that regulates private relations without including the state as sovereign.

German international private law is essentially regulated in Articles 3 to 46 of the EGBGB (Introductory Act to the Civil Code), Article 3 I contains the legal definition of international private law. In addition, there is a uniform international law created by international treaties, especially for the area of ‚Äč‚Äčinternational business transactions or labor law, which is codified in special laws (e.g. the uniform bill of exchange and check law). Through the Treaty of Amsterdam, EC regulations can also be issued specifically for private international law, so that in future EC regulations will supersede national law.

In international private law, points of reference for determining the relevant legal system can be, for example, the personal status, nationality, habitual residence, place of residence, spatial conditions or a combination of the connecting factors.