How did Belavadi get its name

Belavadi - encyclopedia

Belavadi
Country:India India
State: Karnataka
District: Chikkamagaluru
Location:13 ° 17 ′ N, 76 ° 0 ′ E 13.28361111111175.998055555556843
Height:843 m
Residents:2.286 (2011)

Belavadi - Vira Narayana Temple

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Belavadi or Belavadi is a village with approx. 2,500 inhabitants in the Chikkamagaluru district in the southwest Indian state of Karnataka. The place is known for its Hoysala Temple, which was built around 1200.

location

Belavadi is located on the Dekkan plateau at an altitude of approx. 845 m above sea level. d. M. almost 30 km (driving distance) east of the district capital Chikkamagaluru or a good 10 km north of Halebid. Because of the altitude, the climate is rather moderate by Indian standards; Rain falls mainly during the monsoon months June to October.

population

The majority of the Kannada-speaking population consists almost without exception of Hindus; Muslims and other religions are numerically small minorities. The male and female proportions of the population are roughly the same.

economy

The residents of Belavadi live largely as farmers - while in earlier times they lived almost exclusively for self-sufficiency, with the improvement in transport options, other sales markets have also been added. The fields in the area mainly grow wheat, lentils and vegetables. Coconut palms also play an important role in the region's economic life.

history

In the Middle Ages, Belavadi was an important place in the Hoysala Empire. In the 15th and first half of the 16th century, the area was part of the Vijayanagar Empire, whose power was lost with the lost battle of Talikota (1565) against the Deccan sultanates, which in turn were conquered by the Mughal Mughal Aurangzeb after 1685. A few years later (1690) the area came under the control of the princely state of Mysore, whose rule, however, in the second half of the 18th century by Hyder Ali (r. 1761–1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (r. 1782–1799) was interrupted. After that, the British played the dominant military and economic role in South India.

Tourist Attractions

  • It was built around 1200 and mostly made of soapstone Vira Narayana-Tempel is a foundation of the Hoysala ruler Vira Ballala II. (R. 1173-1220); it is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu and - similar to the Chennakeshava temple in Somanathapura - has a clover-leaf-shaped floor plan (trikuta) with three cellae (garbhagrihas) with mounted Shikhara towers with umbrella domes and kalasha-Vases. In the cellae are the figures of Viranarayana, Venugopala and Yoganarasimha - all three are avatars or aspects of Vishnu. While the western part of the temple was designed in simple, older style forms, the outer walls of the two side cellas are clearly structured and decorated with figures. Between the cellae there are several lobbies that merge into one another (mandapas) with turned columns and small cantilever domes with hanging keystones. The statue of the seated Venugopala in the cella is about 2.50 m tall and is one of the masterpieces of Indian sculpture.
  • Entrance to the cella with Gajalakshmi motif

  • Cantilever dome with hanger

literature

  • Gerard Foekema: Hoysala Architecture: Medieval Temples of Southern Karnataka built during Hoysala Rule. Books & Books, New Delhi 1994, ISBN 978-81-8501-641-2.
  • Gerard Foekema: Complete Guide to Hoysala Temples. Abhinav Publ., New Delhi 1996, ISBN 81-7017-345-0.
  • S. Settar: The Hoysala Temples. Kala Yatra Publ., Bangalore 1992, ISBN 978-81-9001-721-3.

Web links

Commons: Belavadi - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

  • Belavadi, temple - photos + information (Wikipedia, English)
  • Belavadi, temple information (Memento from March 9, 2007 in Internet Archive)

Individual evidence

  1. Korvangla - Census 2011
  2. Belavadi - Map with altitude information
  3. Halebid / Belawadi - climate tables
  4. Belavadi - Census 2011

Belavadi - encyclopedia