What is the authenticity of the Quran

 

The Qur'an contains nothing but the revelations which the Prophet Mohammed (saw) were given in sections from time to time. As soon as he received a new revelation, he passed it on to his companions with instructions to keep it in mind and put it in writing. On every opportunity he gave the exact passage to which the revelation belonged. So the whole Koran was written down and preserved in the memories of hundreds of people - already during the Prophet's lifetime.

After the Prophet's death, Zaid ibn Thabit (ra) received the task of making a certified copy of the entire text in book form from the first caliph Abu Bakr (ra). The Prophet's companions had recorded the revelations that had come to him on pieces of parchment or leather, which Zaid ibn Thabit (ra) collected and compared with the text memorized by the companions. Then he put together a copy, the , i. H. called bound sheets, the authenticity and correctness of which is beyond any doubt. On the order of the third caliph Osman (ra), seven copies of the Mushaf edition of the Koran - again after they had been secured by what some Muslims (haffaz) had learned by heart - were made and sent to the various centers of the already then extensive Islamic empire cleverly. One of these seven copies still exists in Tashkent today. The Tsarist government of Russia had this edition published in a facsimile reprint, from which it can be seen that there is complete agreement between this copy and the texts that are used all over the world. The same applies to the other surviving Koran manuscripts, which originate in whole or as fragments from the first century of the Islamic calendar. From the time of the Prophet (saw) to the present day, the custom of memorizing the entire Quran has continued uninterrupted, and the number of people who can recite it by heart is hundreds of thousands in the world. Therefore no scholar - be he from the East or the West - doubts the purity of the Koran text. Even a very unfriendly critic like Sir William Muir writes about the Koran: "Perhaps there is no other book in the world whose text has remained so pure over twelve centuries." [1]


[1] Sir William Muir: "The Life of Mohamet", Introduction, p. 18