Is ethics right or wrong

Theoretical ethics

Three ethical theories are particularly well known and influential. Your name is: utilitarianism, Kantianism and Aristotelian ethics.

The utilitarianism argues that an act is good when it brings much benefit or happiness, and that an act is bad when it causes harm or suffering.

When we have different options for action, we should take the action that causes the most happiness and the least suffering. For example: If we find 100 francs on the ground, then we could donate the money to fight malaria or we could buy a new watch. Because donating 100 francs causes more happiness and less suffering than buying a new watch, we should donate the money.

The Kantianism argues that an act is good when one can want everyone to do that act and that an act is bad when one can want everyone not to do that act.

When we have different options for action, then we should do whatever action we can want all of us to do. For example, if we can tell the truth or tell a lie, then we should tell the truth because we don't want to live in a world where everyone is just lying.

The Aristotelian ethics argues that an act is good when it comes from virtue and that an act is bad when it comes from vice.

A virtue is a good character trait. Examples of virtues are prudence, justice, bravery, or moderation. The opposite of a virtue is a vice. Examples of vices are superstition, injustice, cowardice, or licentiousness.

When we have different courses of action, we are supposed to do the act that a virtuous person would do.