What are the benefits of using wood
10 good reasons for building with wood
High-rise buildings, subway stations and football stadiums are now being built from wood. The building material wood is "in". In Austria, timber construction already accounts for almost a quarter of the total construction volume - and the trend is rising, and for good reasons.
1. Wood protects the climate
Wooden buildings extend the carbon storage from the forest. Every cubic meter of built-in wood binds one ton of CO2 long term. Every felled tree creates space for new trees, which in turn actively CO2 revoke. Every house made of wood contributes to CO2-Emissions from the production of other CO2-intensive building materials such as concrete or steel are avoided.
2. Wood grows back
While other raw materials that are needed for building are becoming increasingly scarce, wood is constantly growing back. In Austria's forests, one cubic meter of wood is created every second. The principle of sustainability, which has been practiced for 300 years, ensures that there is always enough wood available. A third of the annual wood growth in Austria would be enough to build the entire volume of buildings in wood for one year.
3. Wood is an important economic factor
Using wood as a material - e.g. as a building material - and not burning it right away, increases the added value that can be achieved with the domestic raw material. 300,000 people in Austria live from forests and wood. The forestry and timber industry is one of the largest employers in the country and creates jobs, especially in rural regions.
4. Wood is a highly developed building material
Intensive research and development in recent years have produced new wood-based materials that allow new construction methods. Cross-laminated timber - a flat wood product made of several layers of wood placed crosswise and glued together - has revolutionized timber construction and is the key to the use of wood in multi-storey building. The solid wooden plate can be used like a reinforced concrete plate.
5. Wood brings diversity in design
Computer-based calculation and manufacturing methods allow completely new forms of design. From wide-span structures to high-rise buildings, anything is possible. More and more renowned architects such as Shigeru Ban or Norman Foster are using the potential of timber construction. Probably the oldest construction material in human history is becoming the epitome of modern architecture and building art.
6. Wood is particularly suitable for prefabrication
Building with wood takes place less on the construction site than in the production hall. Walls, ceilings or even entire rooms made of wood are precisely prefabricated in the factory, regardless of the weather. The finished parts of the building are transported to the construction site and assembled. The construction is being carried out with little noise and disruption. The buildings are erected in a very short time. There are no drying times like with reinforced concrete.
7. Wood carries many times its weight
Wood has a high load-bearing capacity with a low dead weight. This means that components made of wood are lighter than equivalent components made of concrete, steel or brick. As a result, wooden structures need smaller foundations, which saves space and costs. For structural reasons, building extensions are often only possible with the light construction material wood. As a result, wood offers a decisive advantage when it comes to redensification in cities.
8. Wood burns safely
Wood can burn, but wooden houses are at least as safe as houses made of other materials. Like all other structures, wooden structures must meet official safety regulations. In contrast to other building materials, when a fire breaks out, the fire behavior of wood is easy to calculate and control. Wood burns slowly. It remains undamaged under the charred layer and the load-bearing capacity is retained for a long time.
9. Wood feels good
Wood smells good, feels good and creates a pleasant atmosphere. It is a warm building material that does not remove any heat from the human body. Wood can absorb and release moisture and thus ensures a naturally regulated room climate.
10. Wood does not generate waste
Wooden houses can simply be dismantled at the end of their service life. Individual components can be recycled. What is no longer needed can be burned. The carbon stored during the growth of the trees is released again and the CO2-Circle closes.
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