What are the criticisms of theism


FEUERBACH
  • His concept of reality only allows material being to be considered real and suspects all spiritual being to be mere thought; this understanding of reality is untenable in its one-sidedness and makes itself absolute for no reason.

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  • His concept of religion is one-sided and does not do justice to the complexity and complexity of the phenomenon of religion. Theism and (a one-sidedly drawn) Christianity provide the models for a unified concept of religion. Feuerbach derived his image of religion from a Christianity that rejects piety and individualizes it; the world is only perceived as a valley of misery and a place of sin.

    Because of such narrowing, all the biblical traditions are neglected that speak of exodus and liberation, of prophetic protest and messianic hopes for the hopeless, of God's kingdom for this world already now, of solidarity with those who have come forever short and late, of the beatification of the Poor, starving, weeping. An individualized, rejected Christianity is as far removed from the discovery of the "God of little people" as its critics.

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  • His image of man suppresses the experience that limitation and failure are elementary life experiences that cannot be resolved solely within history.

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  • Regarding the projection thesis: The thesis that the gods are human wishes projected out is doubly questionable: the accusation of projection only (rightly) hits human illusions; Feuerbach cannot refute that there is nothing beyond my wishes and illusions. "If the gods are wishful beings, nothing at all follows for their existence or non-existence" (E. von Hartmann) .- On the other hand: the thesis ignores the many evidences that speak of God in his radical otherness and strangeness. Nevertheless: the charge of illusion cannot be refuted empirically by referring to the revelation of God in Christ. The character of risk and misunderstanding is part of the enduring sign of faith.