Deliver Canary to the Seattle Eastside

  • 76 FR 10350 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ... assembly and pig launcher \ 1 \ within and adjacent to Kern River's existing mainline pipeline system right-of-way at milepost 585.77; and \ 1 \ A `` pig '' is a tool that is inserted into and moves through the ... station and pig receiver on the existing Molycorp property. The general location of the project facilities ...

  • Lagrangian formulation for penny-shaped and Perkins-Kern geometry models

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, W.S.

    1989-09-01

    This paper discusses basic theories for vertical penny-shaped and Perkins-Kern (PK) geometry models developed with a Lagrangian formulation combined with a virtual-work analysis. The Lagrangian formulation yields a pair of nonlinear equations in R / sub f / or L / sub f / and b / sub f /, the fracture radius or length and half-width. By introduction of a virtual work analysis, a simple equation is obtained that can be solved numerically. This equation is written in a form that can be used to determine fracture geometry when the fluid-loss coefficient of the fracturing fluid is known. Also, this equation, coupled with a material-balance equation after shut-in, can more "be used to analyze pressure-decline data after shut-in to determine the effective fluid-loss coefficient and fracture geometry." Less

  • Ground-Water Geology and Hydrology of the Kern River Alluvial-Fan Area, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dale, R.H .; French, James J .; Gordon, G.V.

    1966-01-01

    The Kern River alluvial fan is the southernmost major alluvial fan built by the streams which drain the west side of the Sierra Nevada. The climate is semiarid with rainfall near 5 inches per year. Agricultural development within the area uses over half the 700,000 acre-feet per year flow of the Kern River, plus a considerable amount drawn from the ground-water reservoir particularly during periods of low flow. The area overlies a deep structural trough between crystalline rocks of the Sierra Nevada and the marine rocks of Tertiary age of the Coast Ranges. The top horizon of the marine rocks that lap on the Sierra Nevada block underlies the report area at an average depth of 2,000 feet. The overlying continental deposits that form the groundwater reservoir consist of alluvial fan and lacustrine deposits. The continental deposits are subdivided into three lithologic units on the basis of grain size and sorting. The gravel and clay unit consists of older alluvial fan material, of both Sierra Nevada and Coast Range provenance, that shows extremely poor sorting with some diagenetic decomposition through chemical weathering. The fine sand to clay unit consists principally of fine sand, silt, and clay deposited in a lacustrine environment, although some of the unit is of alluvial-fan origin derived from poorly consolidated marine shale of the Coast Ranges. Within the fine sand to clay unit, three distinct clays, which affect ground-water conditions, can be recognized. The gravel to medium sand unit consists of unweathered alluvial-fan material that shows much better sorting than the gravel and clay unit. In the eastern part of the area the basal part of this unit is a gravel lentil that can be traced in the subsurface more than 250 square miles. The overlying deposits consist principally of medium sand. In the western part of the area the unit is a heterogeneous gravel and sand unit. Permeability in Meinzer units of the gravel and clay unit ranges between 10 and 100 with

  • Network types and VDE regulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernstein, Herbert

    The Association of German Electrical Engineers (VDE) has drawn up a series of regulations that protect life and property when using electrical energy. The regulations specified in VDE regulations 0100 and 0411 are particularly important.

  • Statistics in science and technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilrich, Peter-Theodor

    With the boom in science and technology at the beginning of the 19th century, mathematical statistics emerged, inspired by geodesy (such as the least squares method) and anthropology (such as the statistical analysis of multidimensional observations and their stochastic dependencies). In contrast to the economics and social sciences, in which data are mainly obtained from observational studies, experiments are in the foreground in the natural sciences. Therefore, statistical test planning is one of the statistical methods used in science and technology in particular, but also extreme value statistics and lifespan analyzes as well as the methods of spatial statistics (especially in environmental research). In the 20th century, sample plans and control cards (control cards) for process control were developed as an aid to statistical quality assurance. These bundles of methods, with which the Statistics Committee in Natural Science and Technology repeatedly deals, are presented below.

  • Structure and loading of tribological systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schumacher, Jan; Murrenhoff, Hubertus

    According to DIN 50323, tribology is the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion. It deals with the sub-areas of friction, wear and lubrication.

  • Correspondence issues between the energy system and telecommunications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lehmann, Heiko

    Telecommunication networks and electricity networks have a lot in common - both with regard to general topological and hierarchical properties, as well as with regard to the specific techno-economy under regulatory conditions. The following chapter analyzes these properties and provides answers to the question of how the reciprocal coupling of the two infrastructures, each of which covers the system, can become a driver of the energy transition in developed economies.

  • Was the Mw 7.5 1952 Kern County, California, earthquake induced (or triggered)?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hough, Susan E .; Tsai, Victor C .; Walker, Robert; Aminzadeh, Fred

    2017-11-01

    Several recent studies have presented evidence that significant induced earthquakes occurred in a number of oil-producing regions during the early and mid-twentieth century related to either production or wastewater injection. We consider whether the 21 July 1952 Mw 7.5 Kern County earthquake might have been induced by production in the Wheeler Ridge oil field. The mainshock, which was not preceded by any significant foreshocks, occurred 98 days after the initial production of oil in Eocene strata at depths reaching 3 km, within 1 km of the White Wolf fault (WWF). Based on this spatial and temporal proximity, we explore a potential causal relationship between the earthquake and oil production. While production would have normally be expected to have reduced pore pressure, inhibiting failure on the WWF, we present an analytical model based on industry stratigraphic data and best estimates of parameters whereby an impermeable splay fault adjacent to the main WWF could plausibly have blocked direct pore pressure effects, allowing the poroelastic stress change associated with production to destabilize the WWF, promoting initial failure. This proof-of-concept model can also account for the 98-day delay between the onset of production and the earthquake. While the earthquake clearly released stored tectonic stress, any initial perturbation on or near a major fault system can trigger a larger rupture. Our proposed mechanism provides an explanation for why significant earthquakes are not commonly induced by production in proximity to major faults.

  • Was the Mw 7.5 1952 Kern County, California, earthquake induced (or triggered)?

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hough, Susan E .; Tsai, Victor C .; Walker, Robert; Aminzadeh, Fred

    2017-01-01

    Several recent studies have presented evidence that significant induced earthquakes occurred in a number of oil-producing regions during the early and mid-twentieth century related to either production or wastewater injection. We consider whether the 21 July 1952 Mw 7.5 Kern County earthquake might have been induced by production in the Wheeler Ridge oil field. The mainshock, which was not preceded by any significant foreshocks, occurred 98 days after the initial production of oil in Eocene strata at depths reaching 3 km, within ~ 1 km of the White Wolf fault (WWF). Based on this spatial and temporal proximity, we explore a potential causal relationship between the earthquake and oil production. While production would have normally be expected to have reduced pore pressure, inhibiting failure on the WWF, we present an analytical model based on industry stratigraphic data and best estimates of parameters whereby an impermeable splay fault adjacent to the main WWF could plausibly have blocked direct pore pressure effects, allowing the poroelastic stress change associated with production to destabilize the WWF, promoting initial failure. This proof-of-concept model can also account for the 98-day delay between the onset of production and the earthquake. While the earthquake clearly released stored tectonic stress, any initial perturbation on or near a major fault system can trigger a larger rupture. Our proposed mechanism provides an explanation for why significant earthquakes are not commonly induced by production in proximity to major faults.

  • Late Cenzoic rhyolites from the Kern Plateau, southern Sierra Nevada, California.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bacon, C.R .; Duffield, W.A.

    1981-01-01

    Four late Cenozoic rhyolite domes lie atop the Kern Plateau, 30 to 40km S-SE of Mount Whitney. K-Ar and 40Ar / 39Ar dating shows that Monache, Templeton, and Little Templeton Mountains are all about 2.4Ma old; A small dome nearby is approx 0.2Ma old. The three older rhyolites have SiO2 = 73-74% and have steep, fractionated rare earth element (REE) patterns; the youngest has SiO2 = 76% and a concave-upward REE pattern with a large negative Eu anomaly, Monache rhyolite contains the unusual phenocryst assemblage almandine + fayalite + biotite + oligoclase. The 2.4Ma old rocks may be nearly unmodified partial melts of crustal sources, whereas the 0.2Ma old rhyolite may be a product of relatively shallow differentiation. The rhyolites and nearby basalts are coeval with mafic and silicic volcanic rocks in the Coso Range about 40km to the SE. Their generation and eruption may reflect intense tectonic extension at the margin of the Basin and Range province and concomitant relaxation of compressive stress in a W-NW direction, allowing melts to reach the surface in the adjacent Sierra Nevada.-Authors

  • L-band radar sensing of soil moisture. [Kern County, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chang, A. T. C .; Atwater, S .; Salomonson, V. V .; Estes, J. E .; Simonett, D. S .; Bryan, M. L.

    1980-01-01

    The performance of an L-band, 25 cm wavelength imaging synthetic aperture radar was assessed for soil moisture determination, and the temporal variability of radar returns from a number of agricultural fields was studied. A series of three overflights was accomplished over an agricultural test site in Kern County, California. Soil moisture samples were collected from bare fields at nine sites at depths of 0-2, 2-5, 5-15, and 15-30 cm. These gravimetric measurements were converted to percent of field capacity for correlation to the radar return signal. The initial signal film was optically correlated and scanned to produce image data numbers. These numbers were then converted to relative return power by linear interpolation of the noise power wedge which was introduced in 5 dB steps into the original signal film before and after each data run. Results of correlations between the relative return power and percent of field capacity (FC) demonstrate that the relative return power from this imaging radar system is responsive to the amount of soil moisture in bare fields. The signal returned from dry (15% FC) and wet (130% FC) fields where furrowing is parallel to the radar beam differs by about 10 dB.

  • New Lasers and Beam Sources - Old and New Risks?

    PubMed

    Paasch, Uwe; Schwandt, Antje; Seeber, Nikolaus; Kautz, Gerd; Grunewald, Sonja; Haedersdal, Merete

    2017-05-01

    The developments in the field of dermatological lasers, high-energy flash lamps, LEDs and new energy and beam sources in recent years have shown that with new wavelengths, concepts and combinations additional therapeutic options, some of which go beyond the aesthetic area, have been opened up for the dermatologist. For example, if wrinkles were previously treated with fractional lasers, these systems, in combination with drugs, are now important tools in the treatment of scars, field cancerization and epithelial tumors. The demands on the physician who provides the indication and preferably provides therapy are increasing with the increasingly complex technology and the increasing comorbidities and comedications of an aging patient population. At the same time, devices for home use were established, initially for a few indications, which are characterized by low performance and special safety precautions to avoid accidents, risks and side effects. Despite the reduced efficiency of such self-treatment measures, the probability of misuse increases, since the basic prerequisite for correct therapy, namely the exact diagnosis and indication, cannot be assumed. With hair removal, pigment tumors can be addressed, with wrinkle therapy neoplastic skin changes and expected, unforeseen and new side effects and complications can be induced. In this scenario, it is important to qualify all potential users of these new technologies before they are used in such a way that the therapist is guaranteed maximum therapy safety with the highest efficiency under the motto diagnosis certa - ullae therapiae fundamentum. © 2017 German Dermatological Society (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • Zircon Messengers Reveal the Age and History of Great Basin Crust, Kern Mountains, Nevada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gottlieb, E. S .; Miller, E. L .; Wooden, J. L.

    2011-12-01

    Results of SHRIMP-RG analyzes of complexly zoned zircons from muscovite-bearing granitic rocks exposed in the Kerns Mountains of East-Central Nevada constrain the timing, duration, and loci of zircon growth within the interior of the U.S. Cordillera during Late Cretaceous through Eocene time. The Kern Mountains are an exhumed block of greenschist to amphibolite facies metamorphosed miogeoclinal rocks that were pervasively intruded by the Late Cretaceous Tungstonia granite pluton and the Eocene Skinner Canyon and Uvada plutons (Best et al., 1974). Euhedral zircons separated from a coarse-grained (2-3 cm) muscovite-bearing phase of the Tungstonia pluton exhibit complex cathodeluminescence (CL) zonation. Sub-angular to sub-rounded cores with highly variable CL are overgrown by oscillatory-zoned zircon which in turn is rimmed by dark CL zircon (U> 5000 ppm). A weighted mean Pb / U age of 70.2 ± 0.9 Ma (n = 20, MSWD = 2.5) obtained from the oscillatory-zoned zircon coincides with the end of Cretaceous peak metamorphism at shallow crustal levels. Pb / U ages from core zones (n = 18) predominantly are 0.9-1.4 Ga (n = 11; 7 of which

  • Stenting and technical stent environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffstetter, Marc; Pfeifer, Stefan; Schratzenstaller, Thomas; Winter coat, Erich

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular diseases and especially coronary heart disease (CHD) are the top causes of death in highly developed industrialized countries. In Germany, the number of recorded people suffering from CHD was over 473,000 in 2001 alone, excluding the number of unreported cases. CHD was still the most common cause of death in 2003 with 92,673 recorded deaths, although in Germany the frequency of coronary interventions for the treatment of CHD increased by almost 80 times between 1984 and 2003 from 2,809 to 221,867 interventions per year [1]. In addition to the high number of deaths, the affected people also have a strong impairment of quality of life due to chronic pain and limited physical performance [2]. As a result, the sick person often becomes a need for care, which in addition to the health aspects also has a socio-economic component in the form of the missing Labor and the maintenance costs that arise. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the costs for treating CHD in Germany amounted to around € 6.9 billion in 2002. Compared with similar figures in the USA, the damage caused to the German economy is likely to be in the two to three-digit billion range [3].

  • Work design and employee qualification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss-Oberdorfer, Werner; Horns, Barbara; Holm, Ruth; Pirner, Evelin

    The value chain divides a company into strategically relevant activities in order to understand cost behavior as well as existing and potential sources of differentiation. When a company does these strategically important activities cheaper or better than its competitors, it gains a competitive advantage. "Michael Porter, 1985

  • Ground-Water Quality Data in the Kern County Subbasin Study Unit, 2006 - Results from the California GAMA Program

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shelton, Jennifer L .; Pimentel, Isabel; Fram, Miranda S .; Belitz, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Ground-water quality in the approximately 3,000 square-mile Kern County Subbasin study unit (KERN) was investigated from January to March, 2006, as part of the Priority Basin Assessment Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The GAMA Priority Basin Assessment project was developed in response to the Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001, and is being conducted by the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Kern County Subbasin study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of raw (untreated) ground-water quality within KERN, as well as a statistically consistent basis for comparing water quality throughout California. Samples were collected from 50 wells within the San Joaquin Valley portion of Kern County.Forty-seven of the wells were selected using a randomized grid-based method to provide a statistical representation of the ground-water resources within the study unit. Three additional wells were sampled to aid in the evaluation of changes in water chemistry along regional ground-water flow paths. The ground-water samples were analyzed for a large number of man-made organic constituents (volatile organic compounds [VOCs], pesticides, and pesticide degradates), constituents of special interest (perchlorate, N-nitrosodimethylamine [NDMA], and 1,2 , 3-trichloropropane [1,2,3-TCP]), naturally occurring inorganic constituents (nutrients, major and minor ions, and trace elements), radioactive constituents, and microbial indicators. Naturally occurring isotopes (tritium, carbon-14, and stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon) and dissolved noble gases also were measured to help identify the source and age of the sampled ground water. Quality-control samples (blanks, replicates, and laboratory matrix spikes) were collected and analyzed at approximately 10 percent of

  • Active ingredients, drugs and mathematical image processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bauer, Günter J .; Lorenz, Dirk A .; Maaß, Peter; Preckel, Hartwig; Trede, Dennis

    The development of new drugs is tedious and expensive. The first step here is the search for new drug candidates that are suitable for the treatment of diseases that were previously difficult to treat. The pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries have huge substance libraries at their disposal for this purpose. A wide variety of substances are collected in these libraries, which can either be produced synthetically or obtained from fungi, bacterial cultures and other living things.

  • Recent Motion on the Kern Canyon Fault, Southern Sierra Nevada, California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nadin, E. S .; Saleeby, J. B.

    2005-12-01

    Evidence suggests that the Kern Canyon Fault (KCF), the longest fault in the southern Sierra Nevada, is an active fault. Along the 140-km-long KCF, batholithic and metamorphic rocks were displaced up to 16 ~ km in apparent dextral strike slip during at least three discrete phases of deformation throughout the past ~ 90 ~ Myr. Early ductile shear is preserved along a 1.5-km-wide zone of S-C mylonites and phyllonites that constitutes the Proto-KCF; a later phase of brittle faulting led to through-going cataclasis along the 50-m-wide KCF; and finally, late-stage minor faulting resulted in thin, hematitic gouge zones. The KCF has been considered inactive since 3.5 ~ Ma based on a dated basalt flow reported to cap the fault. However, we believe this basalt to be disturbed, and several pieces of evidence support the idea that the KCF has been reactivated in a normal sense during the Quaternary. Fresh, high-relief fault scarps at Engineer Point in Lake Isabella and near Brush Creek, suggest recent, west-side-up vertical offset. And seismicity in the area hints at local motion. The center of activity during the 1983--1984 Durrwood Meadows earthquake swarm, a series of more than 2,000 earthquakes, the largest of which was M = 4.5, was 10 ~ km east of the KCF. The swarm spanned a discrete, 100 ~ km-long north-south trajectory between latitudes 35 ° 20'N and 36 ° 30'N, and its focal mechanisms were consistent with pure normal faulting, but the KCF has been disqualified as too far west and too steep to accommodate the seismic activity. But it could be part of the fault system: Near latitude 36 ° N, we documented a well-preserved expression of the KCF, which places Cretaceous granitic rocks against a Quaternary glacial debris flow. This fault plane strikes N05 ° E and is consistent with west-side-up normal faulting, in agreement with the focal mechanism slip planes of the Durrwood Meadows swarm. It is possible that the recent swarm represents a budding strand of the KCF system, much like

  • Opportunities and Visions of Modern Mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ehlers, Wolfgang; Wriggers, Peter

    The society of the 21st century will continuously increase its demands on quality of life and environmental standards. This also applies to the requirements for quality and predictive accuracy when calculating complex problems and includes, in particular, the overall design of products in our immediate environment such as architectural and engineering structures, but also of industrial products that we use in our daily lives.

  • Constellations and their myths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carnival, Gerhard

    From the discussions: "... For those who lack the simplest basics in their philosophical heights, who can find their way around the sky like an Amazon Indian in urban traffic, the constellations and their myths put together by the Vienna university professor Gerhard Fasching are recommended ... It shows signpost star maps for the whole year, which enable even an astronomical ignoramus to find their way around at night. In addition, the star tales of Ovid are opulently spread, traditional knowledge from different cultures is quoted and scientific explanatory models are compiled. The modern worldview appears not as the last word of wisdom, but only as a currently recognized image of reality ... "#Ulrich Schnabel / Die Zeit #