What is futsal football

What is futsal?


Futsal is played indoors all year round, in warm regions also on suitable hard courts in the open air. Futsal combines the best playful and tactical characteristics of football with sensible rule ideas from other sports into an extremely fair, fast, tactically and technically demanding game.

Controlled, fast short-passing game with a slightly smaller, reduced-jump ball, strict rules that prohibit tackle attacks on the opponent's body, significantly reduce the risk of injury, lead to clearer assessments in the event of rule violations and thus fewer disputes. However, futsal is not a "disembodied game".

Fouls are blamed on the whole team and a net playing time prevents any kind of game delay - but also any possibility of a "breather" on the field. The focus on the playful and running, on tactical discipline and fluent teamwork is in the foreground, because this is the only way to achieve success in futsal. But also in futsal: "The round has to go into the square" or "Without diligence, no price".

Futsal games are always led by several specially trained referees. Two are active on the field, another referee and possibly a timekeeper support on the sidelines.


Futsal is particularly fair: Hardness cannot make up for weakness in play. There are strict and clear foul rules, but futsal is not a “disembodied” game.

Futsal is particularly fast: The consistently high speed due to the net playing time requires rapid ball technique and lightning-fast thinking, as well as rapid build-up of the game over a few stations and a pronounced sensitivity for positional play.

Futsal is particularly intense: There are constant game-changing situations. A very high level of concentration, technique, mobility and stamina is required of all players.

Futsal is particularly exciting: As a real thriller for spectators, due to the small size of the playing field, futsal offers constant goal area scenes and incessant ups and downs, similar to handball, basketball or ice hockey. Combined with a large number of goals and the fact that the advantages for both teams can always be reversed, futsal remains exciting throughout the game.

Futsal is young: Futsal is an up-and-coming, refreshing sport in Germany. Futsal is also ideal for introducing and training children of early school age, as has been proven several times by sports science studies in Germany and around the world.

Futsal is teamwork perfected: No bench press, but flying changes: every player must be trained as comprehensively as possible, because he gets a lot of working time in many positions. Despite the high technical skills of the futsal players, nothing can be won here without team spirit.

Futsal demands and promotes: Even beginners who are completely inexperienced in football can learn futsal very quickly. Inexperienced players can be integrated into a team much more easily and still productively.

Futsal is for women, men and kids: Many women's and youth teams in Germany have been playing exclusively according to the rules of futsal for several years when they compete in the hall - even if they don't call it that.

Futsal is independent of the weather: The game with the smaller and reduced-bounce ball is only played in sports halls. This independence from good weather ensures that the games are held regularly in every division. It is also more pleasant for the spectators to be able to experience fast-paced football-based sport without freezing and wet rain.


So what are the "different" futsal rules in detail? Is futsal difficult to learn? To this a clear NO! Futsal rules are clearer and in many situations less controversial than football rules, so that the rules a) are much easier to remember and b) the players can agree fairly and quickly even without a referee.
Here are a few of the most important rules in a slightly simplified overview:

  • The playing field is about the size of a handball field.
  • The goals are as big as handball goals.
  • The cue ball is size 4, is filled with less air pressure and therefore bounces less.
  • The game is presided over by 2 referees on the field, a timekeeper and a clerk at the timekeeper's table.
  • The game lasts 2x20 minutes net, i.e. the clock is stopped every time the game is interrupted (touch, set pieces, etc.).
  • The game is played with sides and goals, without boards.
  • There is no offside.
  • The penalty area corresponds to the 6-meter circle in handball.
  • A futsal team consists of 4 field players and 1 goalkeeper.
  • A team squad per game consists of 5 players and a maximum of 10 substitutes, including goalkeepers.
  • It is allowed to change on the fly, whereby a marked transition zone in front of each bank must be observed.
  • Sliding tackles and other sliding tackles against the man are prohibited. Sliding tackles and sliding tackles to block a ball away from the opponent are permitted.
  • All duels otherwise permitted in field football are also permitted in futsal.
  • All foul games that result in a free kick are charged to the entire team.
  • Each team may commit a maximum of 5 team fouls per half. For the 6th team foul and for each subsequent foul, the fouled person's team receives a 10-meter penalty.
  • Foul games in the penalty area are punished with a 6-meter penalty.
  • There are personal warnings and penalties against players who repeatedly violate foul play and fairness rules (yellow, yellow-red and red cards).
  • If the ball crosses the sideline or touches the ceiling of the hall, play is restarted with a kick-in.
  • For the execution of standard situations (free kicks, corner kicks, kicks, tees, penalty kicks) each player only has 4 seconds (the referees are visibly counting).
  • In touches and corner kicks, the ball must remain on the line until it is executed, the player outside the field of play, behind the line.
  • Back pass rule: The goalkeeper may not be played again by his teammate after he has started the game, only after an opposing player has played the ball - or if he himself comes into the opposing half.
  • The goalkeeper may make throws and tees across the center line and play as a "flying goalkeeper". In his own half, he may lead the ball for a maximum of 4 seconds.
  • Each team can take a 1-minute time-out per half.
  • After scoring a goal, the game continues with a center kick, which can be executed with a "fair kick". The team in possession plays the ball to the opponent, who returns it before the game is continued.

Further information is available for download at dfb.de:
The FIFA Futsal Rules