Who were historically famous Azerbaijanis
There is insufficient information about the Azerbaijani wall painters, painters and calligraphers of the different epochs. In the 19th century e.g. For example, the artists from Şamahı such as Mirze Cefer and Usta Kurban Karabaği from Şusa were quite famous, but almost no historical information is available about these people. Information on some of the famous artists from the Middle Ages is given below:
Mir Möhsün Nevvab is known in the cultural history of Azerbaijan as a poet, musician and engraving master and has also worked in the field of painting and calligraphy. Mir Möhsün Nevvab's talent for painting can be clearly seen in his work “Timur's Portrait” (watercolor, 1902).
Safiyeddin Abdülmümin bin Yusuf bin Fahir Urmevî
Safiyeddin Abdülmümin bin Yusuf bin Fahir Urmevî is considered one of the most famous composers and musicologists in the East and was born in the city of Urmiye in 1216. Later he came to the legendary city of Baghdad, which later became the science and cultural center of the Near and Middle East, and was educated in “Müstenseriye”, one of the best universities. Here he was interested in subjects such as logic, mathematics, astronomy and linguistics. Safiyeddin also continued learning the musical art and was also very successful in calligraphy. In the beginning he was quite famous not in music but in calligraphy and was invited to the palace of Caliph Mutasım, the last representative of the Abbasil dynasty. after a short time he was appointed director and chief calligrapher. The transcription of books and the administration of the library did not prevent Safiyeddin's music education.
Urmevi's books are also active as authentic scientific works in our time and are kept in the libraries of New York, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Cairo, Istanbul, Petersburg, Tehran, Baku and other cities. After his death, various traditions in the Orient came to light about his artistic execution and his skills in calligraphy. Urmevî died in Baghdad in 1924.
Zeynal Nakkaş, son of Kerbelayi Zeynalabdin Ebu Seid
Zeynal Nakkaş, son of Kerbelayi Zeynalabdin Ebu Seid lived between 1829 and 1904. The famous engraving master and poet was known among the people as the “engraving master with the golden hand”. The pictures and engravings drawn by him in the “Han Palace” in Nakhchivan, in the house museum of HZTağıyev in Baku (now history museum), on the “Came” mosque in Tebrisi, Ordubad, at the house of Meşedi Tağı, a few houses in the villages of Eylis, Venend are still preserved today and are admirable. The drawings in Ordubad, at the open courtyard of “Malik Ibrahim” in “Gara Pir” were made in honor of the Iranian sheikh during his visit to ORdubad in the 19th century. With a mixture of egg yolk, lime and other materials behind the “Came” mosque, he attached the “Şir-i Hurşit tomb” and the shards of the mirror, which he cut with a glass cutter, as a sun symbol in the middle. These works could survive into our time. He also engraved his own poems on the walls of the "Came Mosque".
The poetry reading gatherings in 1838 called "Encümenuş-Şüera" were occasionally held in the house of Master Zeynal Nakkaş. In the work “Tercumeyi-hal” by M.S.Ordubadi, known as Hugo of the 20th Century, in the Museum of Handwritten Works of Azerbaijan, there is important information about the master Zeynal Nakkaş.
Abbasgulu Ağa is a well-known architect and engraving master of the 18th century. He was involved in the construction of the Şeki Han palace. The wonderful ornaments on the ceiling of the great hall in the palace were created by Abbasgulu Ağa. He wrote his name in the original form, not from right to left, but mirrored from left to right.
Mehemmed Mecid Tebrizi decorated the minaret of the Green Mosque in Bursa (1424).
Ali bin Hacı Ahmed was a master of wood engraving. He made the door of the Green Mosque in Bursa.
Nemetulla Bevvab ibn Mehemmed
Nemetulla Bevvab ibn Mehemmed was a famous calligrapher and draftsman of his era. He made the inscriptions of the "Göy Mescidi" (1465).
He created the main entrance of the Şirvanşahlar Palace (1584).
İsmail Nakkaş Erdebili worked on the ornaments on the colonnade of the Şeyh Sefieddin Mosque (1647).
Mirze Gedim İrevani was a famous illustrator of the 19th century. He drew the pictures at the Serdar Palace (1850).
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