The rules for women cricket are different
What is lacrosse?
THE FASTEST GAME ON TWO LEGS
1. What is lacrosse
Lacrosse is an old Indian sport that is rapidly gaining popularity. Today's sport is also known as "the fastest game on two feet".
Men's lacrosse combines elements from American football, field and ice hockey as well as soccer. In the female lacrosse, however, there is no body contact.
Lacrosse is perhaps the most exciting of all sports stories. In the 17th century, French missionaries saw the Indian game “Baggataway”, which translates as “little brother of war”. They watched two Indian tribes meet to fight for a ball with a stick with a net attached to the end. The rackets were reminiscent of a curved bishop's staff, the French name of which is “La Croix”, from where the current name “Lacrosse” comes from. The playing field was often longer than 500m. This kind of armed conflict, which could last for days, often resulted in injuries or even deaths. Finally, around 1830, the first competitions between Indians and whites took place. It was only later that binding rules of the game were developed.
The first national lacrosse federation was established in Canada in 1867, shortly afterwards the first lacrosse club was founded in the USA. A few years later the sport came to Australia and New Zealand via England, until it spread to continental Europe much later.
The game is still fighting today, but above all it is tactical and technically very demanding, as handling the bat requires a certain amount of skill. While for the Indians the sport had (and still has!) A spiritual value, it became a professional sport: Today, lacrosse can be enjoyed on the other side of the pond both indoors (NLL) and outdoors (MLL) Professional sports are practiced.
3. How does lacrosse work
In lacrosse, two teams try to get a ball the size of a tennis ball into the opposing goal. The team that has scored the most goals at the end of the playing time wins the game. To do this, the players use an approximately 1m long racket with a net attached to the end. With it the ball is carried, thrown, caught, passed, shot and lifted off the ground. It is forbidden to touch the ball with your hands.
Women's and men's lacrosse are fundamentally different. Women play without physical contact and with stiff clubs, men play with protective equipment, the physical contact is similar to that of ice hockey!
4. Basic rules in brief:
Playing field The game is played on a 55x100m (men) or 60x110m (women) field, comparable to a hockey or soccer field. In women's lacrosse, the field was originally unlimited, but since 2001 there have also been fixed outer lines, as in the case of men. The goals are 1.80 x 1.80 m in size. As in ice hockey, the playing field extends behind the goal (women and men).
The ball is made of solid rubber (140g) and its size is comparable to a tennis ball. The racket or "stick" is made of wood or metal (shaft) and plastic (net frame) and has a total length of 101 - 183 cm for men's rackets, while women's rackets are only 90 - 110 cm. The club head to which a net is attached is approximately 25 cm long. In men's lacrosse, the network is deeper than in women and is called a “pocket”. The goalkeeper's stick can be of any length for both women and men and has a net that measures 38cm at its widest point. Protective gloves, a face mask and a helmet are compulsory for men’s lacrosse, whereas women only have to wear a face mask.
Basic rules (men)
In men's lacrosse there are 10 players per team on the field, 1 goalkeeper and 3 defenders, midfielders and attackers. It is not only reminiscent of ice hockey because of its speed. The players wear helmets and protective equipment, as body contact is allowed: The player in possession of the ball may be "checked" by the opponent with his stick and body.
These "checks" are closely observed by the referee: A check with the stick may only be administered on the opposing stick and the forearms touching the stick. The aim of a check must always be to get the ball. Wrong checks and other fouls are punished with time penalties of up to 3 minutes or even exclusion from the game.
According to international rules, the playing time is 4 x 20 minutes.
Basic rules (women)
Women's lacrosse is more like the sport as it was traditionally played. A team consists of 12 players (5 attackers, 1 center, 5 defenders and 1 goalkeeper).
The traditional wooden club, which is very similar to the old Indian clubs, has almost completely given way to clubs with plastic heads and aluminum shafts. The net of the racket is tighter for women (in contrast to men's rackets).
The ball may only be played with the stick on the field, while the goalkeeper can use all parts of the body to defend himself. In contrast to the men's version, hard body contact is not allowed here, which makes women's play more technically demanding and elegant. Only the check on the opposing racket is allowed in order to gain possession of the ball.
A specialty of women’s sport is that all players have to stop at every referee's whistle. (as if someone had pressed "pause"). This results in interesting constellations, advantages and disadvantages for the teams
The playing time is 2 x 30 minutes, whereby the time is stopped after each goal and in the last 2 minutes of each half at each whistle.
5. What makes lacrosse playful so interesting:
- Running upright, catching and throwing the game ball in the air
- Catching and throwing with both hands = symmetrical, healthy and, among other things, a challenge for the mind
- Fast game, as the ball can become very fast through appropriate hard and clever throwing ("it takes 8 seconds to score")
- the men's sticks can have a length difference of almost a meter depending on the playing position, equipment and body contact are more like ice hockey
- Lacrosse combines aspects from many sports and is therefore very multi-faceted in terms of play
6. How did lacrosse come to Germany:
The first two teams were founded in 1993 in Munich and Berlin by a few enthusiastic students who had learned about the sport in the USA during their student exchange year. Since then, the German lacrosse family has grown steadily. In the men's area, the 1st and 2nd league operations are played, while regular league operations have also been established in the women’s area and youth.
7. How is lacrosse structured in Germany:
The umbrella organization of the German Lacrosse (Dlaxv) has a total of approx. 1000 members who are now spread across Germany across 31 teams.
The main tasks of the Dlaxv are in addition to the organization of membership administration, the support of lacrosse growth in Germany, also in the organization of national tournaments, e.g. the German championship, as well as the national teams. Furthermore, the association specifies framework conditions for league operations and refereeing.
Game days take place from March to November, in spring and summer there are also various tournaments outside of the league games, e.g. the Berlin Open and the Kiel Lacrosse Meeting.
In many places, lacrosse is now part of a local sports club, and parallels to field hockey can be found, e.g. in the HTHC Hamburg, 1880 Frankfurt, the Düsseldorfer Sportclub.
The average number of members is 50-60, in larger cities also 80-150, whereby the gender distribution is clearly in favor of men (2/3 - 1/3).
8. Where else can you find lacrosse in the world:
including Argentina, Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, Canada, Korea, New Zealand and USA, Denmark, Germany, England, Finland, Holland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Austria. Scotland, Sweden, Czech Republic and Wales. In addition, there is an Indian national team, the s. G. Iroquois Nationals
Australia, Japan, Canada, New Zealand and USA.
Denmark, Germany, England, Finland, Holland, Austria, Scotland, Sweden, Spain, Czech Republic and Wales
One will unfortunately not be able to see Indian women, since according to the Indian tradition it is a "war sport" and is therefore reserved for men.
9. Lacrosse on the international stage:
The first men's world championships were held in 1967, the women's in 1969. The world championships have been held every four years since 1974.
The German men took part in the World Cup in Manchester for the first time in 1994 and have been competing every 4 years since then to compete internationally. The women made their World Cup debut in 2001 in High Wycombe / England.
The male U19 national team took 8th place at the World Championships in Coquitlam / Canada in 2016.
European championships also take place regularly. While the other nations were superior to the Germans in terms of playing technique at the beginning, both the women's and men's national teams have now achieved success.
There are also several international tournaments such as B. the Berlin Open or the Prague Cup.
10. Lacrosse and Olympia:
Lacrosse was Olympic in 1904 and 1908, but was then removed from the program. In 1928, 1932 and 1948 it was present as a demonstration sport. The international federation is working to make lacrosse Olympic again.
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