What material are banknotes made of

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When the first European banknotes were put into circulation in Sweden in 1661, the Chinese could already look back on around a thousand years of paper money invented by them.

But even they did not use real paper to make their banknotes, but made them from a mixture of tree bark, hemp and scraps of fabric to make them more tear-resistant and durable.

The situation is similar with today's modern banknotes, such as the euro. They are made from cotton, more precisely from the very short seed hairs of the cotton plant, which are a by-product of cotton production. Mixed with various adhesives according to a secret recipe, the blank sheets of paper for the sheet music printers are made from them.

While most industrialized countries can afford cotton banknotes with the most modern security features, real paper money is still in circulation in many poorer countries. Plastic banknotes have also been around for around 20 years. These so-called polymer banknotes offer a longer shelf life and even greater protection against forgery than cotton notes, but they are also more expensive to produce and tend to be heat-sensitive. They have not yet caught on, but are gradually being introduced in more and more countries around the world.

from www.pm-magazin.de - good question

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